Between the Cimini and Sabatini Mountains, the town, in ancient times, was situated as a passage between the up and coming Rome and the power of the Etrurians. The first settlement in the current inhabited area dates back to the late Bronze Age. Soon it entered the Roman confines because it was considered a strategic place in order to conquer Etruria. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Sutri was not affected by the economic crisis thanks to its rich agricultural and trade exchanges and also to its strategic position along the Via Cassia (Francigena Romea). Over the years the town has known the sovereignty of the Longobards and the temporal one of the Church, after the donation by the king Liutprando to Pope Gregorio II. The phenomenon of pilgrimage gave new life to the local population who could exploit the continuous passage of thousands of people linked to a movement of ideas and money. The most famous and powerful men of the Middle Ages stopped in Sutri such as Carlo Magno who stayed there during the first months of ‘800, before reaching Rome where he was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The translation was edited by Professor Delia De Giuseppe